Fasting | Islamic Laws by The Leader Ayatullah Ali Khamenei
Q 727: A young girl has reached the age of shari puberty. However; she cannot fast in the month of Ramadan due to her weak constitution. She is also unable to perform the qada of the missed days of fasting until the next Ramadan. What is the ruling in this situation?
A: The obligation of fasting or performing the qada for the missed fasts is not removed just because of weakness. Rather, the qada of the missed days of fasting in Ramadan will remain obligatory for her.
Q 728: What is the ruling for those girls who have recently reached maturity and find it somewhat difficult to fast? Is nine years the age when girls become mature?
A: The legal age of maturity for girls start at the completion of nine lunar years, hence it is obligatory for them to fast. It is not permissible to forsake fasting due to some excuse. However, if fasting becomes harmful for them or involves unbearable hardship, it is permissible to break the fast.
Q 729: I do not know exactly when I reached the age of shari puberty. Please clarify, from which time is it obligatory for me to perform the qada of missed prayers and fasts?
A: You are only responsible for the qada of prayers and fasts you are certain you have missed after the age of shari puberty.
Q 730: A nine-year old girl, upon whom it is obligatory to fast, breaks her fast because fasting is very hard for her. Does she have to perform the qada of the fast?
A: Yes, she has to perform the qada of the Ramadan fast that she broke.
Q 731: Someone with a strong excuse doubted — 50% probability — that fasting was obligatory for him, so he did not fast. Later it became clear to him that fasting was obligatory for him at that time. What is the ruling in respect of performing the qada and paying kaffarah?
A: If one breaks a fast in the month of Ramadan, merely due to the possibility that fasting is not obligatory for him, then he must carry out its qada and pay the kaffarah as well. However, if one did not fast out of rational fear that fasting would be harmful for him, then it is not necessary for him to pay kaffarah, but he must perform the qada.
Q 732: A person performing military service could not fast during the month of Ramadan last year because of frequent traveling and being stationed at the base. As Ramadan approaches this year, he is still serving in the same area and does not think he will be able to fast this year, either. Does he have to pay the kaffarah after leaving the service, in addition to performing the qada of those fast?
A: When someone forgoes fasting in the month of Ramadan because of the excuse of traveling, which extends until the next Ramadan, his only duty is to perform the qada and no kaffarah of delay is obligatory for him.
Q 733: A fasting person is unaware that he is junub. In the afternoon, he notices and performs ghusl by immersion. Does this invalidate his fast? And if he realizes what he has done only after performing the ghusl, does he have to perform the qada of the fast?
A: If one performs ghusl by immersion out of forgetfulness (of the fact that he is fasting) or unintentionally, then both his fast and ghusl are valid; thus, he does not have to perform the qada of the fast.
Q 734: A person who is fasting had planned to reach his place of residence before noon adhan. But, along the way he came across an accident that delayed him, hence he did not reach his residency in time. Is his fast valid? Does he have to pay kaffarah or will performing the qada be sufficient?
A: His fast is invalid while traveling and it is only obligatory for him to perform the qada (of fasting) for the day in which he did not reach his place of residency, and he does not have to pay kaffarah.
Q 735: A passenger or a crewmember aboard an airplane flying at a high altitude and bound for a distant city — a 2 1/2 to 3 hour journey — has to drink water every 20 minutes to maintain his equilibrium. Does he/she have to pay kaffarah in addition to performing the qada?
A: If fasting is harmful for them, one can break the fast to drink water. He will have to perform its qada, but kaffarah will not be obligatory for him in this case.
Q 736: If a womans periods begin two hours or more before the maghrib prayers in the month of Ramadan, will her fast be null and void for that day?
A: Her fast is void.
Q 737: What rule applies to someone who immerses himself in water wearing waterproof clothing such as a diving suit which does not allow the body to become wet?
A: If the clothing has close contact with his head, it is problematic to say his fast is valid. Hence, as an obligatory caution he should perform its qada.
Q 738: Is it permitted for a person to travel intentionally during the month of Ramadan in order to break the fast and to evade fasting?
A: There is no problem in doing that. Therefore, when traveling — even in order to evade the duty of fasting — he must break the fast.
Q 739: A person, responsible for performing an obligatory fast, decided to fulfill his duty but could not because of unforeseen circumstances. For example, he prepared to travel after sunrise — he traveled, but failed to return home before noon. He had not done anything that invalidates the fast, except that the time for making the intention of an obligatory fast has elapsed; and that day is one in which fasting is mustaHabb. Is it valid if he makes the intention to perform a mustaHabb fast?
A: When one is responsible for the qada of Ramadan fast, it is invalid to make intentions to perform a mustaHabb fast, even if the time for making intention for performing an obligatory fast has passed.
Q 740: I am addicted to smoking. No matter how much I try not to be irritable in the blessed month of Ramadan, I can not abstain from conduct that disrupts the peace of my family and puts me into a nervous state. What is my duty in this situation?
A: It is obligatory for you to fast in the month of Ramadan and it is not permissible for you to smoke while fasting. Also, you should not treat others harshly without justification.