Intent of Traveling the Shari Distance and Staying for Ten Days | Islamic Laws by The Leader Ayatullah Ali Khamenei
Intent of Traveling the Shari Distance and Staying for Ten Days
Q 655: I work in a place which is less than the shari distance from the nearby city. Since none of the two places is my watan, I make the intent to stay ten days in my place of work in order to perform full prayer and fast there. When I decide to stay in my place of work for ten days, I do not intend to leave for the neighboring city during those ten days or afterwards. What is the shari rule in the following situations:
i. If I leave for the nearby city in an emergency or for a business before the end of the ten days, and stop there for about two hours before returning to my place of work?
ii. If I leave for the city after the end of the ten days, visiting one of its districts without passing the shari distance, and stay there for a night before returning to my residence?
iii. If I leave for the city after ten complete days, intending to visit a certain district, but I change my mind after reaching it and decide to go to another point which is at more than the shari distance from my city of residence?
A: First and second: If one does not have a primary intention to leave the place, after the rule of full prayer is established — though it be by performing at least a single four-rakah prayer — leaving it for a place at less than the shari distance, in one or more days – by day, it is meant from sunrise to sunset as perceived by common view, does not harm the intention of staying for ten days, whether he leaves it before or after completing the ten days. Therefore, he should perform full prayers and fast until he starts a new journey.
Third: In the given case that no shari travel has been materialized, the intention of stay remains intact.
Q 656: After leaving his watan, a traveler passes by a place where he can hear the adhan of his watan or see the walls of its houses, will it affect the distance covered?
A: This does not harm the distance covered as long as he does not pass through his watan itself and his journey is not discontinued by it. But the travelers rule does not apply to him while he is at this very place.
Q 657: The place where I live presently is not my original watan, and its distance from my original watan exceeds the shari limit. I did not adopt this place of my work as watan, and I may stay there only for some years. Sometimes I leave it two or three days a month to make a job-related trip. Is it obligatory for me to make the intent to stay for ten days whenever I return to the city of my residence after traveling more than the shari distance? If so, what is the distance I can cover on the citys outskirts?
A: In the given case, you are not ruled as a traveler there, your prayer is full and you should fast there.
Q 658: A person lives four kilometers far from his watan for several years, visiting home weekly. What is the rule of his prayer if he travels a distance of 25 km. from his watan and 22 km. from a place in which he studied for several years?
A: If he leaves his own watan for the said destination, his prayer should be shortened.
Q 659: A traveler intends to travel to a place at three shari farsakhs, but his intention, at the beginning, is to travel a shari farsakh along a side road to accomplish some business and then return to the main road to continue his journey. What rule applies to the prayers and fasting of this traveler?
A: The travelers rule does not apply to him. It is not sufficient, in order to complete the shari distance, to add what he covered [along the side road] from the time he departed the main road to the time he returned to it.
Q 660: According to the Imam one should pray shortened and break the fast when travels a distance of eight shari farsakhs. If the going distance is less than four shari farsakhs but for returning one is forced to cover a distance of six shari farsakhs (due to unavailability of a car or difficulties of the road), should one shorten the prayer and break the fast?
A: If the going distance is less than four farsakhs and the return way alone is not equal to the shari distance, he should say full prayer and fast.
Q 661: A person travels from the place where he lives to another place within the shari distance and several times a week goes from the second place to other places so that the total distance exceeds eight shari farsakhs, what is his duty?
A: If he does not intend to travel the shari distance when leaving his home, and the distance between his first destination and the subsequent ones is not equal to the shari distance, the travelers rule would not apply to him.
Q 662: If one leaves his town heading towards a certain place, and on getting there goes around here and there, would his going around be added to the distance which he has traveled from his home?
A: Going about within the place of destination is not counted as part of the distance covered.
Q 663: When one intends to be in a place for ten days, is it permissible to have in mind to leave it for another place of less than shari distance?
A: It does not harm his ten-day stay if at the time of deciding to stay there for ten days, a person intends to leave the place for another location at less than the shari distance for a period of time in a way that as per common view it does not contradict his ten-day stay, like to go to less than the shari distance and come back three times for about five hours during his ten-day stay.
Q 664: One who travels to and fro between his place of residence and work — they are far from each other by more than 24 km — must perform prayers in full. Will his prayers remain full-length if he leaves the city of work and travels less than the shari distance, whether to another city or not, and then returns to his place of work before or after noontime?
A: The rule of ones prayers and fasting in the place of work does not change simply on leaving it for a place within the shari distance, even for a purpose not related to the daily work, regardless of whether one returns to the place of work before or after the noon.
Q 665: One travels to a city. The distance between the two cities is less than the shari distance. However, the distance to the place (say, the house of his friend) he wants to go in the destination city is more than the shari distance. Which distance should be taken into account for calculating the shari distance; to the beginning of the destination city or to the place he wants to go?
A: If his destination is a certain point in a way that he enters the city in order to reach that point, he should consider the distance to that point. However, beside that point as his destination, if he should do something else in the city as well so that to reach city means to reach the destination, then the criterion is the beginning of the city.
Q 666: I travel every week to the city of Qom on a visit to Holy Maṣumahs (a.) shrine and also in order to perform the rites of the Jamkaran Masjid. Should I offer full prayers or do shortened prayers during these journeys?
A: Your rule during such a journey is similar to that of other travelers and you shorten the prayer.
Q.667 Say, someone travels from his hometown to another town, and the distance from his hometown to the outermost limits of the town that is his destination does not meet the canonically specified travel limit (masafat sharʻi), but the distance to the particular point that is his final destination does. Now, the question is this: Should this person calculate the distance to the outermost limits of the town (in which case he is not a traveler in the canonically defined sense) or to the particular point within the town that is his final destination (in which case he is a traveler in the canonically defined sense)?
A: To determine the distance of ones travel relative to the canonically specified travel limit (masafat sharʻi), one must calculate the distance between the outermost limit of the town from which one departs to the outermost limit of the town of ones destination (not the particular point within the town to which one is headed). The only exception to this rule is if ones true destination is not actually a point within the town but a point outside and independent of yet near the town, such that in the common perception of the general public the town is not seen as ones true destination but an intermediate point through which one must pass to arrive at ones destination. Such is the case with regard to certain colleges and military bases that are actually viewed as destinations independent of their adjacent towns or cities. In the latter case, the travel distance is calculated from the outermost limit of the town from which one departs to the particular point at which ones travel terminates.
Q 668: Someone makes the intention to stay for ten days, either because he knows that he would stay for ten days or decides to do so. Then, after the rule of full prayer applies to him through performing a four-rakah prayer, he decides to travel. May he do so, if this travel is not a necessary one?