Importance and Conditions of Prayer | Islamic Laws by The Leader Ayatullah Ali Khamenei
Importance and Conditions of Prayer
Q 337: What is the rule concerning a person who intentionally refrains from performing prayers or someone who belittles prayer?
A: The five daily obligatory prayers are among the most important obligations in Islamic law; rather, they constitute the pillar of the faith. According to shar, forsaking their performance or belittling them is Haram and one who does so deserves divine punishment.
Q 338: Is performing prayer obligatory for a person who lacks the means of wudu and tayammum, viz. water and any thing with which doing tayammum is correct?
A: Prayer must be performed on time, according to caution; and afterwards, it is made up in qada with wudu or tayammum.
Q 339: In your esteemed opinion, what are the instances for changing the intention, i.e. to change ones prayer, during obligatory prayer?
A: Changing ones intention is obligatory in the following instances:
i. From afternoon to noon prayer, when one realizes during prayer that he/she has not performed the noon prayer.
ii. From isha to maghrib prayer, when one realizes during prayer, and before passing the point for changing ones intention, that one has not performed the maghrib prayer.
iii. When one is obliged to perform two qada prayers that are to be performed in order, but forgetfully begins with the latter before performing the former.
Changing ones intention is mustaHabb in the following cases:
i. From an obligatory daily prayer to an obligatory qada provided that doing so does not lead to the expiration of the time of merit of the daily prayer.
ii. From an obligatory prayer to a mustaHabb one for the purpose of joining congregational prayer and getting its reward.
iii. From an obligatory prayer to a recommended one at Fridays noon by a person who forgot to recite the chapter al-Jumuah and is reading another chapter of which he has recited either half or more. Of course in this case changing intention in order to get the reward of reciting chapter al-Jumuah is in accordance with mustaHabb caution but he may leave the chapter to begin with the chapter al-Jumuah.