Rules of Wudu | Islamic Laws by The Leader Ayatullah Ali Khamenei
Rules of Wudu
Q 99: Having made wudu with the intention of having wudu for the prayer of maghrib, is it permissible for one to touch the Noble Quran and offer the prayer of isha with the same wudu?
A: Once a valid wudu is made and it has not become invalid, it is permissible to perform any act that requires wudu.
Q 100: A person who wears artificial hair on his head and it is difficult for him not to wear it, is it permissible for him to wipe over it in wudu?
A: If the artificial hair is in the form of a wig, it would be obligatory to remove it and do wiping. But if the artificial hair is implanted in the skin and its removal would entail difficulty and hardship which could not normally tolerated, it would be valid to do wiping over it.
Q 101: I have been told that one can pour only two handfuls of water on the face during wudu, and a third one will invalidate the wudu, is that correct?
A: Washing wudu parts is obligatory for the first time and permissible for the second time. But it invalidates wudu if it is done for the third time. The criterion in determining each time is ones intention. Therefore if somebody pours two or more handfuls of water on his face as the first time, there is nothing wrong with it.
Q 102: In doing wudu by immersion, is it permissible to submerge the face and the hands into the water more than two times?
A: For wudu by immersion one may submerge the face and the hands only twice into the water. It is obligatory for the first time, permissible for the second time, and impermissible for more than that. Regarding the hands, in the given wudu, one should intend washing for wudu when bringing them out of water in order to make it possible to use their wudu water for wiping.
Q 103: Are the natural oily secretions of the body — that cover the hair and skin — considered a barrier that would prevent water from reaching the skin?
A: It is not considered a barrier unless it is so much that it would prevent water from reaching the skin and the hair.
Q 104: For some time I was not wiping the tips of my toes while performing the wiping in wudu. I was only wiping the upper surface of the foot and part of the toes. Is this wiping valid? In case of invalidity, is it obligatory for me to repeat the prayers that I have performed with such wudu?
A: If the tips of the toes are not covered in the wiping process, the wudu is invalid and it is obligatory to repeat all the prayers offered with such a wudu. But in case that one knew the ruling and probably he was wiping the tips of the toes during wiping, the wudus and the prayers offered with them are ruled to be correct.
Q 105: What is meant by the kab up to which the wiping of the foot is to be made?
A: It is obligatory that the wiping is made up to the ankle joint.
Q 106: What is the rule concerning wudu performed in the masjids, centers, and government offices built by the government in other Islamic countries?
A: It is permissible and there is no shari impediment in doing so.
Q 107: A spring flows out in a piece of land. If we want to carry the water by pipes to an area at a distance of several kilometers, it is necessary to lay pipes on land of some other people. In the case of dissatisfaction of the owners, is it permissible to use the spring water for wudu, ghusl and other acts of purification?
A: If the spring is natural, situated beside and outside others property, and its water flows into the pipes before it flows on the ground and carried to the said area, there is nothing wrong in using the water unless the common view consider it a violation of others properties.
Q 108: Although the city water supply department interdicted installation of pumps in the pipeline, in some places water pressure is so low that people in higher stories are forced to use pumps. Considering the abovementioned situation, please provide us with the answer to the following questions:
i. According to Islam, is it permissible to install pumps in order to use more water?
ii. If it is not permissible, what is the ruling in regard to performing wudu and ghusl with water got through a pump?
A: In the given question, it is not permissible to install and use a pump. Furthermore, performing wudu and ghusl with water obtained through a pump is problematic.
Q 109: In one of your answers you have stated that if wudu is done at a time near to the beginning time of prayer, the prayer performed therewith is valid. So how far before the beginning time of prayer have you meant?
A: The criterion is that common people consider it near to the arrival of the time of prayer, and there is no objection to the wudu performed — for the prayer — within that period.
Q 110: Is it mustaHabb for someone who performs wudu to wipe the lower surface of the toes that touches the ground while walking?
A: The place of the wiping is the upper surface of the foot from the tip of one of the toes to the ankle, and the recommendation of wiping the lower part of the toes is not proved.
Q 111: If someone who performs wudu opens and closes the faucet while washing his hands and face with the intent of wudu, what is the ruling concerning this act?
A: There is no problem in doing so and it does not harm the validity of the wudu. However, after washing the left hand and before performing the wiping, if one puts his hand on the wet faucet and the water used for wudu in the hand is mixed with water which was not used for wudu, the validity of wiping with this water becomes problematic.
Q 112: Is it possible to use water other than that of wudu for wiping? And is it necessary to wipe the head with the right hand and in an up-down direction?
A: It is obligatory to do wiping on the head and the feet with the remnant wetness of wudu remained in the hand and in case that no remnant wetness is there, the wetness should be taken from the beard or the eyebrows by the hand and to do wiping with it. Also, it is based on caution to do wiping on the head with the right hand but it is not necessary to wipe the head in an up-down direction.
Q 113: Some women claim that fingernail polish does not create a hindrance for the wudu and that it is permissible to do wiping over transparent socks. What is your opinion?
A: If the fingernail polish has a substance that prevents water from reaching the nails, the wudu is void, and wiping performed on socks is incorrect, however transparent they may be.
Q 114: Is it permissible for those wounded in war, who have lost bladder control due to the severing of the spinal cord, to attend the Friday congregational sermons and take part in the Friday and afternoon prayers with wudu performed according to the duties of someone who is incontinent for urine?
A: They may participate in a Friday prayer. But as it is obligatory for them to begin the prayer after wudu without delay, their wudu performed before the sermons is not sufficient for the Friday prayer unless no invalidator of wudu (e.g. urination) occurred after wudu.
Q 115: Someone gets assistance in making wudu as he is unable to perform wudu on his own. Then he makes intentions and performs the wiping with his own hand. And when unable to do the wiping himself, the assistant takes his hand and does the wiping with it, and when that cannot be done the assistant takes the moisture from his hand and does the wiping with it. But what is the rule when he does not have hands?
A: If he does not have a palm, the moisture would be taken from his forearm, and if there is no forearm the moisture would be taken from his beard or eyebrow, and with it the wiping of the head and the feet is carried out.
Q 116: Near the place where Friday prayer is performed, there is a place for wudu affiliated to the local jami masjid but the water is not paid for by the budget of the masjid. Is it permissible for those performing Friday prayer to use that water for wudu?
A: As the water is prepared for performing wudu for all those who perform prayer, without any restrictions, there is no problem in using it.
Q 117: Is wudu performed for the noon and afternoon prayers also sufficient for the maghrib and isha prayers, this is when one knows that nothing occurred within this time that might annul the wudu? Or is it obligatory to make a separate intention and wudu for each prayer?
A: It is not necessary to perform wudu for every prayer. Rather, It is allowed to offer as many prayers as one wants with a single wudu as long as it remains valid.
Q 118: Is it permissible to do wudu with the intention of offering the daily obligatory prayer before the beginning of its time?
A: There is no problem in doing wudu with the intention of performing the daily obligatory prayer a little while before its time begins.
Q 119: My feet are affected with paralysis and I walk with the help of medical shoes and crutches. By no means, is it possible for me to take off the shoes for wudu. Please explain my shari duty concerning the wiping of the feet.
A: If removing the shoes for wiping the feet is so difficult for you, wiping over the shoes is sufficient and valid.
Q 120: After searching for water in a range of several farsakh, we found only some dirty water. Is it obligatory to do tayammum in this condition or to do wudu with this water?
A: If the water is pure and unadulterated and there is no harm or fear of harm in using it, it is obligatory to do wudu, and it is not the occasion for tayammum.
Q 121: Is wudu by itself mustaHabb? And is it valid to perform wudu for the sake of nearness to Allah before the time of prayer arrives and then to offer the prayer with that wudu?
A: Doing wudu for the sake of being in a state of purity is mustaHabb and preferable in Islamic law and it is permissible to perform prayer with a mustaHabb wudu.
Q 122: How could a person who is always doubtful about the validity of his wudu go to the masjid, pray, read the Noble Quran, and visit the shrine of the Infallibles (a.)?
A: No attention should be paid to doubt concerning state of purity after the performance of wudu. And it is permissible for one to offer prayer and read the Noble Quran, etc. as long as one is not certain that his wudu has been invalidated.
Q 123: For wudu to be correct, is it a condition that the water should flow over the whole hand, or is it sufficient that the hands are wiped with a wet hand?
A: The criterion for washing is that water should reach to every part of the hand, even if it is achieved by wiping with the hand, but the mere wiping with a wet hand is not sufficient.
Q 124: In wiping the head, is it sufficient to make the hair wet or is it obligatory that the moisture from the hand reaches the skin of the head, as well?
A: Wiping the skin is not obligatory, and it is sufficient to wipe over the hair of the top part of the head.
Q 125: Someone is using a wig, how can he wipe his head? And what is his duty in the case of ghusl?
A: If the hair is implanted and it is impossible to remove it or its removal entails harm and unbearable difficulty and it is impossible to make the skin wet due to the hair, wiping over this hair is sufficient. The same ruling is applicable to ghusl, as well.
Q 126: What is the rule concerning an interval of time, which may separate the wiping and / or the washing of different body parts during wudu or ghusl?
A: There is no problem in an interval time — i.e. not observing succession — during the ghusl. However, wudu will be invalid if there is a delay in completing it to the extent that previously washed or wiped body parts dry up.
Q 127: What is the duty of a person suffering from continuous discharge of gas, though in a small amount, regarding wudu and prayers?
A: If he cannot keep his wudu until the end of the prayer, and the renewal of wudu during the prayer is so difficult, he can pray only one prayer with each wudu. That is, for each prayer the performance of one wudu is sufficient, though it would become invalid during the prayer.
Q 128: Some people who live in residential complexes refuse to pay their share of the expense of keeping a watchman and other services including cold and hot water, air conditioning, and so forth. Are prayers, fasting and other acts of worship of such people, who put the financial burden of the mentioned services on the shoulders of their unwilling neighbors, invalid from the viewpoint of Islamic law?
A: Each person is liable for paying the expenses of the common facilities he shares in, according to Islamic law. And if he does not want to pay the cost of water which he uses for wudu and ghusl, they are invalid.
Q 129: Someone performed ghusl of janabah and wants to offer the prayer after about 3 or 4 hours, but he does not know whether his ghusl is still valid or not. Is there any problem if he performs wudu as a caution?
A: In this case, performing wudu is not obligatory, but there is no objection to taking caution.
Q 130: Does the wudu of an immature child become invalid due to wudu invalidators? Is it permissible to allow the child to touch the writings of the Noble Quran?
A: Yes, wudu invalidators makes the wudu of the child invalid. However, touching the script of the Noble Quran is not Haram for the child and it is not obligatory for a mukallaf to prevent him from touching it.
Q 131: One of the body parts involved in wudu becomes najis after being washed and before the completion of the wudu. What is its rule?
A: That does not harm the validity of the wudu, though it is obligatory to purify that part to obtain a state of purity from najasah, which is required for prayer.
Q 132: Does it matter if there are some drops of water on the foot while wiping them for wudu?
A: It is obligatory to wipe these drops of water off the wiping site so that the hand used to wipe the foot will wet the foot, not the reverse.
Q 133: Is one relieved of the obligation of wiping the right foot if the right hand, for instance, is amputated from above the elbow?
A: No, it is obligatory for him to wipe it with the left hand.
Q 134: What is the duty of someone who has a wound or a fracture in one of his body parts involved in wudu?
A: If the wound or the fracture is not dressed and it is not harmful to wash it with water, it should be washed. However, if washing it is harmful, the surrounding area is to be washed and it is based on obligatory caution to wipe it with wet hand if it is not harmful.
Q 135: What is the duty of a person who is wounded in those areas involved in wiping in wudu?
A: If he cannot wipe the wound with a wet hand, he is obliged to do tayammum instead. But if he can put a piece of cloth on the wound and do wiping over it with a wet hand, by caution, in addition to doing tayammum, he should perform wudu according to the mentioned method.
Q 136: A person does not know that his wudu is invalid, and comes to know about it only after completing the wudu. What is the rule?
A: It is obligatory for him to repeat the wudu for the acts that require wudu, such as prayers. If he has offered prayer with this void wudu, he should repeat this prayer as well.
Q 137: One has a wound on one of the limbs involved in the wudu process; which bleeds continuously despite of putting the dressing on it. How can they perform wudu?
A: It is obligatory for them to use a dressing on the wound, such as one made of nylon, which prevents blood from oozing out.
Q 138: Is it makruh to wipe off the moisture after wudu? And is it mustaHabb to abstain from doing so?
A: If a particular towel or piece of cloth is specified for such an act, there is no objection to it.
Q 139: Would the artificial dye which women use to dye their hair and eyebrows act as an impediment to the validity of wudu or ghusl?
A: If it is just dye that does not have a substance that prevents water from reaching the hair, wudu and ghusl would be both valid.