Dhikr of Prayer | Islamic Laws by The Leader Ayatullah Ali Khamenei
Dhikr of Prayer
Q 478: Does intentionally changing the dhikr of ruku for that of the prostration and vice versa make any problem?
A: If they are recited as a general dhikr of Allah, then there will be no problem and the ruku, prostration, and prayer are all correct.
Q 479: If a person mistakenly recites the dhikr of prostration while in ruku, or conversely says the dhikr of ruku in prostration, and realizes his mistake and corrects himself immediately, will his prayer be void?
A: No, there is no problem and his prayer is correct.
Q 480: What is the ruling in the case of a person who realizes after his prayer, or during it, that the dhikr of ruku or prostration was incorrect?
A: If he has passed the point, that he remembers it after ruku or prostration, there is no problem.
Q 481: Does it suffice to recite the tasbiHat al-arbaah just once in the third and fourth rakah of prayer?
A: Yes; although it is a caution to recite them three times.
Q 482: The tasbiHat al-arbaah are recited three times in prayer, but if a person by mistake recites them four times, will his prayer be accepted by Allah?
A: There is no problem in it.
Q 483: What is the ruling in the case of a person who does not know whether he has recited the tasbiHat al-arbaah three times or more or less in the third and fourth rakahs of prayer?
A: Just once is sufficient, and nothing is obligatory for him. And if he has not yet been in ruku state, then he may assume the lesser number and repeat them until becomes confident about saying them three times.
Q 484: Is it allowed to say "BiHawlillahi wa Quwwatihi Aqumu wa Aqud”... in prayer while one is moving? And is it correct to say it while getting up?
A: There is no problem in it. Indeed, the above-mentioned dhikr is essentially recited while rising for the next rakah of prayer.
Q 485: What is meant by the term dhikr? And does it include the ṣalawat upon the Prophet (s.) and his progeny (a.)?
A: All expressions containing the remembrance of Allah are counted as dhikr; and the ṣalawat upon Muhammad (s.) and the progeny of Muhammad (a.) is one of the best dhikrs. However, obligatory dhikr in ruku is to say subHana rabbial 'azimi wa biHamdih once or three subHanallah and that in prostration is subHana rabbial 'ala wa biHamdih or three subHanallah. Instead, one may say other dhikrs like alHamdu lillah, allahu akbar in the same amount.
Q 486: In watr prayer [the one-rakah prayer included in night prayer] when we raise our hands for qunut and ask Allah for our needs, is it wrong if we ask for them in Persian?
A: No, there is nothing wrong in supplicating in qunut in Persian. Moreover, in qunut one can supplicate in any language.