Qada Prayers of the Parents | Islamic Laws by The Leader Ayatullah Ali Khamenei
Qada Prayers of the Parents
Q 537: My father had a brain stroke. As a result, he remained ill for two years and was unable to distinguish between good and bad. That is to say, he lost his mental senses. During this two year period, he was not able to perform his prayers or fasts. Since I am the familys eldest son, is it obligatory for me to perform his missed prayers and fasts? Of course, I know that if he were fine, it would be obligatory for me to perform those missed prayers. I would appreciate your advice in this regard.
A: If his mental defect did not reach the level of insanity and he was not unconscious through out the whole time of prayers, you would be obliged to make qada of his missed prayers and fasts, otherwise there is nothing obligatory for you.
Q 538: Who should give the kaffarah for missed fasts of a person after he dies? Is it obligatory for the sons and daughters of the deceased person to give the kaffarah or could somebody else give it as well?
A: With respect to the kaffarah of missed fasts that was due on the father, if he could have the choice between fasting or feeding, the kaffarah should be taken out of the wealth he has left if possible; otherwise, the fasting – by obligatory caution - rests with the eldest son.
Q 530: An elderly man left his family due to certain reasons and it is difficult for him to contact them. He is the eldest son of his parents. During that period, his father passed away and the son is unaware of the number of prayers and other duties his father might have missed. He does not have enough money to hire somebody to perform those missed duties for his father either. Nor does he have the ability to perform them himself due to his elderliness. What should he do?
A: It is not obligatory to do qada of the missed prayers of the father except the amount the oldest son knows for sure have been missed. It is obligatory for the eldest son to perform his fathers missed prayers by any means possible. If he is unable to do so even through hiring another person to perform them, he is excused.
Q 540: If the eldest child of a deceased person is a female and his/her second child is male, is it obligatory for this son to perform the missed prayers and fasts of the mother and the father?
A: The criterion is that the male son being the eldest among the sons, if the father has any son. As for the assumption in question, it is obligatory for the son, i.e. the fathers second child, to perform the missed prayers and fasts of his father and – by obligatory caution - those of her mother.
Q 541: If the eldest son — whether mature or not — dies before his father, will it become obligatory for any of the other sons to perform the missed prayers of his father?
A: The performance of the fathers missed prayers and fasts is obligatory for the eldest son who is alive when his father dies, even if he is not the fathers first child or son.