Rule of Students | Islamic Laws by The Leader Ayatullah Ali Khamenei
Rule of Students
Q 650: What rule applies to university students who travel at least two days a week for the sake of studying, or to employees who travel weekly to their jobs? Given that they travel every week but occasionally stay in their watan for a month during college or office vacations and they do not travel during this period, will their prayers be shortened during the first journey (according to the rule), when they resume traveling, and be said in full after it? What is the rule if he has traveled for entertainment before this work travel?
A: In a travel for study the rules of prayer and fast are based on caution, whether they travel weekly or daily. This kind of travelers, observing the requirements, may refer to the fatwa of another mujtahid.
Otherwise, they should observe caution and say their prayer both shortened and complete. In this case, they fast in Ramadan month and perform its qada later as well.
However, a person who travels for his job, whether official or private, if he travels to and fro between his watan/residence and his workplace at least once every ten days, should perform his prayers in full and his fasting is also valid. And if he stays for ten days in his watan or in another place, between two trips to work, during the first work trip after the ten days he will shorten the prayers and will not fast. If he has traveled for entertainment before this trip, he shortens his prayer in the private travel and full prayers in the next work travel. Yet, he does not avoid caution in this work travel to say both shortened and full prayers.
Q 651: I am working as a teacher in my hometown. Now I got an admission to a higher educational center which is located in a far city to which I should travel and stay three days a week as a professional mission. The other days of the week I teach in my hometown. What is the rule of my prayer and fasting in this travel? Does the rule of students apply to me or not.
A: If education is a part of your job, you should pray in full and fast is valid.
Q 652: If a student of Islamic studies intends to do propagation of Islam as his job, may he perform his prayers in full and fast while traveling? If someone travels for a purpose other than propagating Islam and guidance or enjoining the good and forbidding evil, what will be the rule concerning his prayers and fasting?
A: If propagating Islam, guidance, enjoining the good and forbidding evil are considered to be his job, while traveling for that work his rule is that of others who travel for their jobs. If he occasionally travels for a purpose other than propagating Islam, during such a journey his rule is that of other travelers, namely his prayer must be shortened and his fasting will be invalid.
Q 653: What is the rule of the prayers and fasting of those who travel for an indefinite period, such as the students of Islamic studies who go to the Islamic seminaries, or government employees who are transferred to a certain city for work purposes for an indefinite period?
A: In the given case, if they are to stay there for one or two years, their prayer is full and they should fast there.
Q 654: A student of Islamic studies lives in a city which is not his watan, and before making the intent of staying for ten days he knows in advance, or decides himself, that he would go every week to a masjid near the city. Can he make the intent of staying for ten days?
A: It does not harm his ten-day stay if at the time of deciding to stay for ten days, a person intends to leave his place for another location at less than the shari distance for a period of time in a way that as per common view it does not contradict his ten-day stay, like to go to less than the shari distance and come back three times within about five hours during his ten-day stay.