Qada Prayer | Islamic Laws by The Leader Ayatullah Ali Khamenei
Q 522: I was about seventeen years old and I did not know anything concerning seminal emission, ghusl, and the like. I had not even heard from anyone anything about these things. I did not understand the meaning of janabah or the necessity of ghusl. So if my prayers and fasts until that time were wrong, what is my duty now?
A: It is obligatory to do qada of all the prayers that you did in the state of janabah. However, the fasts that you kept in this state without knowing any thing about the state of janabah are correct and sufficient, and there is no need to do their qada.
Q 523: Unfortunately, due to my ignorance and lack of will power I had got into the evil habit of masturbation, and so I did not perform prayers at times. But I do not know how long I abandoned prayers, as it was not one continuous period (I would not have prayed when I was junub until I took ghusl, although it may have been delayed for a while), but I think that it lasted for six months. I have made up my mind to perform the qada of my prayers for this period. Is it obligatory to perform qada of these prayers?
A: You must perform the qada of all daily prayers that you know you did not perform or you performed while you were junub.
Q 524: Some people do not know whether qada prayers are due on them on not. Assuming that they are really responsible for some qada prayers, are their mustaHabb or nafilah prayers considered as qada prayers?
A: Nafilah and mustaHabb prayers do not count as qada prayers and if any qada prayers are due upon someone then they must perform them with the intention of qada prayers.
Q 525: It has been about six months since I reached the age of shari puberty. Up until some weeks before my age of shari puberty I was under the impression that there was only one sign of ritual maturity, i.e. the completion of fifteen lunar years. Then I happened to read a book which spoke of the signs of maturity for boys. I read there of other signs of maturity which I really possessed but do not know the date of their occurrence. So, do I now have to perform the qada of my prayers and fasts? Taking into consideration that I would sometimes perform prayers and that I fasted the whole of Ramadan last year, what is the ruling in this case?
A: It is obligatory to perform the qada of all the prayers and fasts that you are certain you missed after becoming ritually mature.
Q 526: If a person performs janabah ghusl three times in the month of Ramadan, say for example, on the twentieth, twenty-fifth and twenty-seventh of the month, and afterwards becomes certain that one of these ghusls was incorrect, what is the ruling with respect to his prayers and his fast?
A: His fast is correct, but it is based on caution that he must perform the qada of some prayers so that one becomes certain that he has discharged his obligations.
Q 527: What is the ruling on the prayers and fasts of a person who for some time, due to ignorance of the ruling, did not observe the proper order in performing his ghusl?
A: If he was performing his ghusl in a manner which is void according to Islamic law, he would be obliged to do qada of all his prayers that he prayed without ghusl. But regarding fasts, if he thought that his ghusl was correct, his fasts are ruled to be correct.
Q 528: How should one perform the qada prayers of one year?
A: He must start with one of the prayers and perform it in the same sequence as he performs the five daily prayers.
Q 529: If a person has a lot of qada prayers due on him, is it permissible for him to perform them in the following manner:
i. To perform morning prayers, say twenty times;
ii. The noon and afternoon prayers, twenty times;
ii. maghrib and isha prayers, twenty times, continuing in this way for a year?
A: There is no problem in performing the qada prayers in the manner described.
Q 530: Someones head was injured causing damage to a part of his brain. As a result, his left hand and foot as well as his tongue were paralyzed. Moreover, he has forgotten how to pray and is not able to learn it either. But he can make out the different parts of prayers by following a book or by listening to a tape. Presently, he is faced with two problems with respect to his prayers. First, he is not able to make his urinary outlet pure or to perform wudu. Second, he has a difficulty with recitation in prayers. What is the ruling in this case? And what about the prayers he has not performed over the last six months?
A: If he is able to do wudu even with the help of somebody else, or to do tayammum, then it is obligatory for him to perform his prayers in anyway he is able to, even if he has to listen to a tape, or look at a book, or whatever it may be. As for the missed prayers it is obligatory for him to perform their qada unless he was unconscious and the unconsciousness took all the time of the prayer.
Q 531: In my youth I missed my noon and afternoon prayers more than maghrib, isha and morning prayers. But I do not know their number, order or sequence. Should I perform dawr prayers in this case? What are dawr prayers? Please clarify this matter for me.
A: It is not necessary – in other than noon and afternoon prayers and maghrib and isha prayers of the same day - to observe the order, and it is enough to perform as many prayers as you are certain you have missed. Dawr, i.e. repetition of the prayers to ascertain their performance in order, is not obligatory for you.
Q 532: After marriage, I occasionally experienced emissions of a liquid which I thought to be najis, and therefore, performed janabah ghusl having its intent in mind and then offered prayers without performing wudu. This liquid is called madhi in the books on practical laws of Islam, and now, I do not know the rule regarding the prayers I performed without wudu but with janabah ghusl while I was not junub?
A: It is obligatory to make up for all of the prayers which you offered without wudu but with janabah ghusl after experiencing the liquids emission.