App Terjemahan Bahasa Inggris Kitab Nahjul Balaghah

Baca dan hayati Nahjul Balaghah dengan app terjemahan bahasa Inggris kitab Nahjul Balaghah ini yang mencakup khutbah-khutbah, surat-surat dan kata-kata mutiara Imam Ali bin Abi Thalib as.

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Letters

The following is the letter sent by Imam Ali (a) through Imam Husayn (a) and Ammar Yasir to the people of Kufa before he proceeded to Basra for the Battle of Jamal.

After the conquest of Basra Imam Ali (a) wrote the following letter to the citizens of Kufa.

Shurayh bin Haarith had been holding an important post during the previous regimes. Imam Ali (a) had also appointed him as a Qadhi (Chief Judge) of Kufa. It was brought to the notice of Imam Ali (a) that he had purchased a house for himself in the city (rather a costly and expensive house, perhaps more expensive and luxurious than his status demanded and that too rather at a cheaper price).

A letter to one of the commanders of his army.

Ash’ath bin Qays was a hypocrite and time-sever. For sometime he attached himself to Imam Ali (a) pretending to be his sincere follower. The ulterior motive behind this was to amass wealth and to grasp power. Imam Ali (a) had appointed him as the Governor of Azarbaijan. He started collecting and procuring wealth by every means possible. When this was reported to Imam Ali (a), he wrote the following letter to Ash’ath: On receipt of this letter he wanted to abscond with the wealth so amassed but good counsels prevailed upon him and he was persuaded by Hujr bin Adi Kindi to got to Imam Ali (a). When his accounts were audited he had to surrender 400,000 dirhams.

The following is a letter to Mu’awiya and in it Imam Ali (a) has used the same principle that he applied on Talha and Zubayr. Imam Ali (a) in this letter has raised all the points which were once quoted against him.

A letter to Mu’awiya, on receiving letters from him based on hypocritical advice and false accusations.

Jarir bin Abdullah Bajali was sent to Damascus. He was carrying a letter for Mu’awiya. Some delay occurred in his return. Imam Ali (a) felt anxious about his safety and wrote the following letter to him:

A letter to Mu’awiya.

A letter to Mu’awiya.

Part of instructions to his marshal when Imam Ali (a) sent him to a battle.

When Imam Ali (a) sent an expedition of 3000 soldiers under Ma’qil bin Qays Riyahi against the Syrians, he issued the following instructions.

Instructions to two of his commanders.

At Siffin Imam Ali (a) gave the following instructions to his soldiers before the battle.

Whenever Imam Ali (a) faced an enemy he invoked Allah in the following words.

[During a battle Imam Ali (a) used to advise his followers in these words.

A reply to a letter of Mu’awiya.

The following is a letter to one of his governors. It speaks volumes about the ways of Divine Rule. It shows how Imam Ali (a) was training the Muslims to behave tolerantly towards other religions, how minority was to be treated and what should those who hold a different creed, expect of a Muslim ruler.

The following is a letter from Imam Ali (a) to Ziyad who was appointed as the Commissioner of Basra by Abdullah bin Abbas, the Governor of the provinces of Ahwaz, Basra, Kirman and Fars. Ziyad was from the very beginning dishonest and corrupt, a man who would not stop short at any vice or sin to gain his end. He had come from a very low family so much so that nobody knew his father’s name; his mother was a harlot. Ummul Mu’minin Aisha had nicknamed him as “His father’s son” and he was known all over Arabia by this insulting name.

The following is a letter from Imam Ali (a) to Ziyad.

Ibn Abbas says that once Imam Ali (a) advised him in the following words, and except for the advice of the Holy Prophet (s) no advice has been so beneficial to him as this.

The following is the will of Imam Ali (a) in which he has left instructions as to how to treat his property and estate. It was written after his return from the Battle of Siffin.

Directions to assessors and collectors of Zakat.

The following are his (a) instructions to Zakat collectors.

When Imam Ali (a) appointed Muhammad bin Abu Bakr as the Governor of Egypt, he gave him the following instructions.

The following is a famous reply of Imam Ali (a) to the letter of Mu’awiya. It throws ample light on many phases of the history of Islam from the time of its dawn up to the time of Imam Ali (a).

The following is a letter to the people of Basra.

A Letter to Mu’awiya.

After returning from the Battle of Siffin, Imam Ali (a) gave certain pieces of advice to one of his sons. Some historians consider him to be Imam Hasan (a) while others are of the opinion that he was Muhammad Hanafiya. He wrote them in the form of a will. They deal with almost every aspect of life which goes a long way to make a man successful in life – brave, humane, generous, virtuous and pious.

A letter to Mu’awiya.

The following letter was written to Qutham bin Abbas, the brother of Abdullah bin Abbas, who was the Governor of Imam Ali (a) in the province of Hijaz.

Muhammad, son of Abu Bakr (the First Caliph) was the favourite disciple and companion of Imam Ali (a). Imam Ali (a) had treated and trained him like his own child and had appointed him as the Governor of Egypt. Later on Imam Ali (a) called him back from Egypt and sent Maalik Ashtar as the Governor. Muhammad thought that he was deposed and felt sad about it. When Imam Ali (a) came to know of this he wrote the following letter to him.

When Muhammad bin Abi Bakr was killed in Egypt by the guerrillas of Mu’awiya through disloyalty of his (Muhammad’s) own companions and officers, Imam Ali (a) felt sad and wrote the following letter to Ibn Abbas.

The following is a letter written by Imam Ali (a) to his brother Aqil. It so happened that Zahaak bin Qays Fahri was sent to Makkah by Mu’awiya with a force of guerrillas to ravage the city. Imam Ali (a) had sent Hujr bin Adi Kindi to defend the city of Makkah. Hujr defeated Zahaak. Aqil at that time was in Makkah. He wrote to Imam Ali (a) offering his voluntary services saying that the Quraysh were not sincerely serving the cause of Islam and were bent upon the enmity of Imam Ali (a). In reply Imam Ali (a) wrote:

A letter to Mu’awiya.

A letter to the people of Egypt, telling them about Maalik when Imam Ali (a) appointed him as their Governor.

A letter to Amr bin Aas.

A letter to a commissioner of a province. It could not be ascertained as to whom it was addressed.

The following is a letter written to a Governor who left Imam Ali (a) and ran away with Public Treasury, this man was a cousin of Imam Ali (a) and was his confidant. Some historians say that he was Abdullah bin Abbas who was Imam’s cousin and had once behaved in this way.

The following is a letter which Imam Ali (a) wrote to Umar bin Abi Salama Mukhzumi when Imam Ali (a) called him back from the Governorship of Bahrain and appointed Nu’man bin Ajlan Zuraqi in his place.

A letter to Masqala bin Hubayra al-Shaybani who was governor of Ardshir Khurra (Iran).

Ziyad was the son of a slave named Ubayd, his mother was Sumaiyya, a slave-girl of Haarith bin Kalda, a woman of flexible virtues and very elastic conscience. But Ziyad grew up to be an intelligent man and a very good orator. Everybody knew that Ziyad was born out of wedlock. Umar during his caliphate, did not give him any chance but later on he became a governor and Imam Ali (a) had allowed him to retain that post. When Mu’awiya came to power, he started corresponding secretly with Ziyad, inviting him to leave the side of Imam Ali (a) and to join him, offering him the bribe of being declared the son of Abu Sufyan. When Imam Ali (a) came to know of these secret messages he wrote the following letter to Ziyad.

Uthman bin Hunayf was the Governor of Basra. He was one of those persons who were held in respect by Imam Ali (a). During his governorship Ibn Hunayf once attended a feast given by a rich man of Basra. It was a very sumptuous dinner. When Imam Ali (a) heard of this he wrote the following letter to him. It shows that the more Imam Ali (a) liked a person the more severely he judged his activities.

A letter from Imam Ali (a) to one of his governors.

A letter to Mu’awiya.

A letter to Mu’awiya.

A circular to the chiefs of his army.

A letter to the collectors of taxes and revenues.

A circular about prayers to the governors of all the provinces.

An order to Maalik al-Ashtar.

This is a letter written by Imam Ali (a) to Talha and Zubayr and sent to them through Imran bin Hasin Khuza’i. Imran was a companion of the Holy Prophet (s). He had embraced Islam before the Battle of Khaybar and from then onwards he remained in his company. He was a very pious person and one of the very authentic narrators of the traditions of the Holy Prophet (s). Besides Nahjul Balaagha, this letter has also been narrated by Abu Ja’far Iskaafi in his famous book “Al-Maqamat fi Manaqib Amir al-Mu’minin”.

A letter to Mu’awiya.

When Imam Ali (a) appointed Shuray bin Hani as commanding officer of the vanguard of his army, which was marching towards Syria, he gave Hani the following instructions.

While leaving Madina for Basra, Imam Ali (a) wrote the following letter to the people of Kufa. It is a wonderful epistle. It invites people to judge his intentions and actions.

A letter sent by Imam Ali (a) to the people of various provinces, giving them the causes of the Battle of Siffin.

To Aswad bin Qatiba, the Governor of Hulwan.

The following is a circular-letter sent to those governors and State officers, through whose territory the armies of Imam Ali (a) were to pass.

A letter from Imam Ali (a) to Kumayl bin Ziyad Nakha’i, expressing his displeasure and rebuking him in leaving his province unguarded and allowing the army of the enemy to enter and carry on loot. He was the Governor of Hayit and had not properly defended the province against the Syrian guerrillas. After their attack and loot he wanted permission of Imam Ali (a) to take revenge upon the Syrian province of Kirkisiya. Imam Ali (a) replied to him in the following letter.

A letter to the Egyptians which Imam Ali (a) handed over to Maalik bin Haarith Ashtar to take with him when he was appointed as the Governor of that province.

Abdullah bin Qays, better known in history as Abu Musa Ash’ari, was a man with weak faith, more inclined to look after his worldly interest than the cause of religion. At the beginning of the Caliphate of Imam Ali (a) he was in Kufa.

A reply to Mu’awiya’s letter.

A letter to Mu’awiya.

A letter to Qutham bin Abbas (brother of Abdullah bin Abbas), who was the Governor of Makkah.

Imam Ali (a) wrote this letter to Salman al-Farsi, before his caliphate.

A letter to Harith Hamdani.

Imam Ali (a) had entrusted to Munzir bin Jarud Abdi something which he misappropriated. Thereupon Imam Ali (a) wrote the following letter to him.

A letter to Abdullah bin Abbas.

A letter to Mu’awiya.

A treaty which Imam Ali (a) has worded for Bani Rabi’a tribe and the Yemenites to agree upon. Husham bin Sa’ib Kalbi has quoted this treaty.

When Imam Ali (a) sent Ibn Abbas as his representative to Basra, he gave him the following instructions.

When Imam Ali (a) sent Ibn Abbas for discussions with the Kharijites, he, peace be upon him, gave him the following instructions.

Abu Musa Ash’ari (Abdullah bin Qays) wrote a letter to Imam Ali (a) from the place where decision of the arbitration took place. Imam Ali (a) wrote to him the following letter in reply. Sayyid bin Yahya Amawi has quoted this letter in his book Al-Maghazi.

This is the order issued by Imam Ali (a) to his generals when he took over rulership of the Muslim State.

Quotes

206 Quotes from Imam Ali (a)

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